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Elbasan

Elbasan

Was built on the ruins of the ancient city of Skampa,founded in the first century AD by Illyrian tribes. It was an important center of the Via Egnatia, connecting as a natural continuation of the Via Apia, Durres and Constantinople. The central area of the city is the Kalas (or neighborhood of the fortress), du surrounded two sides of the walls belonging to thecity was built - on the ruins of earlier Roman fortifications and Byzantine- in 1466 by the Ottoman ruler Mehmet II, who renamed the city in time with the Arabic name of Eli-Basan ("I had a hand"). A recent restoration project (2003-2005) has emphasized the twosides intact (south and west) and guard towers along the perimeter: the integrated portion of the wall is dominated by 2 large corner towers, 5 round towers and a curtain fortified entrance. Other 4 towers survive rather isolated on the perimeter of the fortress, however, recognizable in the plant. Inside the Kalas are most interesting religious buildings of the city: the Royal Mosque (XV century). Orthodox church of St. Mary's (as evidenced by 1657), the greek-catholic church of the Byzantine rite. A city rich in culture and education. The city called "the navel of Albania". The city airs a local TV station, TV Skampa, named after the old city.
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